Refractive index profile

OptiLayer displays refractive index profile in various forms: Analysis –> Refractive index profile
refractive index of multilayer coating

Fig. 1. Refractive index profiles of a 26-layer design: \(n(z)\) form.

Refractive index of an optical coating can be represented as a function \(n(z)\) (Fig. 1).

Refractive index values are shown at the reference wavelength.

Important: In OptiLayer, layers are numbered starting from the substrate side.

Typically, \(n(z)\) is a step function taking high- and low-index values, \(n_H\) and \(n_L\).

At the same time, \(n(z)\) can be an arbitrary function as, for example, in the case of rugate filters.

Alternative form of refractive index profile representation is bar diagram form, where thicknesses of layers of each layer material are represented as bars of different color.

Refractive index profile is re-plotted in the course of design process.

refractive index of design

Fig. 2. Physical thicknesses of a 26-layer design.

quarter wave layer thicknesses

Fig. 3. Switching refractive index profile into QWOT representation.Specification of the reference wavelength.

Refractive index profiles can be represented in the form of optical thicknesses, quarter-wave (QWOT, Fig. 3) and full-wave (FWOT) optical thicknesses.

Optical thickness \(nd\) of a non-absorbing layer is calculated as:

\[nd=n(\lambda_0)\cdot d,\]

where \(\lambda_0\) is the reference wavelength specified in General Configuration menu (Fig. 3).

QWOT means that optical thickness of a layer is equal to \(\lambda/4\):


In Thickness Units tab, you can switch between different representations of layer thicknesses.

OptiLayer allows you to plot a refractive index profile for the design currently loaded into the memory.

Using Chart Editor, you can change the colors, line widths, axis etc.

Also, you can easily export profiles in numerical or graphical form into files of various formats (xls, png, jpeg, etc).

refractive index multilayer

Fig. 4. For your convenience, you can change colors, line width etc. on all diagrams.

Look our video examples

Look our video examples at YouTube

OptiLayer videos are available here:
Overview of Design/Analysis options of OptiLayer and overview of Characterization/Reverse Engineering options.

The videos were presented at the joint Agilent/OptiLayer webinar.